Pakistan Journal of Women's Studies: Alam-e-Niswan <p>Pakistan Journal of Women’s Studies: Alam-e-Niswan (PJWS) is an academic bi-annual journal of the Pakistan Association for Women’s Studies (PAWS). PJWS was first published in 1994. As a refereed international interdisciplinary, PJWS aims at disseminating and sharing women’s studies research and feminist scholarship globally. The Journal publishes articles relating to scholarship in the field of Women’s Studies and feminist knowledge. The editorial board welcomes a variety of contributions that focus on women’s experience, gender issues, and feminist theory and consciousness. We publish academic/creative writing, and reports from the activists, that are critical, scholarly, and offer fresh perspectives on issues faced by civil society.</p> <p>The second part of our name, i.e., Alam-e-Niswan (an Arabic-Farsi phrase) means women’s world and shows our commitment to remain constantly engaged in dialogue with women globally and not to remain restricted either by political disputes or by geographical boundaries. Over the years, the Pakistan Journal of Women’s Studies has not only remained committed to its goal of generating and disseminating interdisciplinary scholarship but it has also participated in global conversations and has made alliances with similar journals world-wide.</p> en-US (Dr. Tahera Aftab) (EScience Press) Sat, 30 Jan 2021 20:18:28 +0000 OJS 60 Lalun and Lahore: Courtesan Culture and The Semi-Informed Narrator in Kipling’s ‘on the City Wall <p>This essay examines the image of darkness present in Kipling’s short story ‘On the City Wall’ and links it to various underlying themes in the story. One of the themes is the courtesan culture of Lahore. Lalun is a courtesan and is as much full of beauty, mystery and enigma as the city of Lahore where she dwells, or the quaint location of her house which is paradoxically situated on the city’s wall. The essay also explores the role of the semi-informed narrator in the story, who can be Kipling himself or someone who is narrating the story to the readers. This narrator-character is tricked by Lalun to help an escaped prisoner get out from the city under the very noses of the policemen who are trying the control the riots on the streets. The narrator’s gullibility and his lack of complete knowledge of his actions can also stand for the entire process of writing, where the narrated event remains partially shrouded in the haze of semi-visibility. Just as Lalun’s real motives remain unknown to the narrator and the readers till the end of the story, similarly the narrator’s use of authorial perspective entails a semi-reliability of the subjective point of view. Finally, the essay takes up the image of darkness and traces its presence in Kipling’s life and writings. The world of the night is an integral part of Kipling’s vision of an Indian self, and is further accentuated in the unfathomable person of the courtesan.</p> Sabina Rehman Copyright (c) 2020 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Multidimensional Socioeconomic Deprivations of Maternal Health Care Services Utilisation: Evidence from Bangladesh <p>&nbsp;This paper examines the combined effect of three socioeconomic deprivations: education, wealth, and health on the utilisation of maternal health care services (MHCSs) among Bangladeshi women using the data of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014. Both bivariate and multivariate statistical analyses were employed in this study. Multivariable logistic regression analysis is used to examine the effect of the multidimensional socioeconomic deprivations on the use of MHCSs. Of the women who had given at least one live birth in the three years preceding the survey, 43% were non-deprived by any dimension; 31% were deprived in one, 20% in two and 6% in all three dimensions. The prevalence of receiving four or more antenatal care (ANC) services was 31%; 38% used facility-based delivery (FBD) and 42% sought skilled birth assistance (SBA). When education and wealth deprivations were combined, women were significantly (<em>P</em>&lt;0.01) least likely to seek assistance from SBA (OR=0.18, 95% CI: 0.14-0.24) and FBD (OR=0.17, 95% CI: 0.12-0.22); and when all three deprivations were combined women were less likely to receive ANC at least once (OR=0.16, 95% CI: 0.12-0.22) than those who were not deprived. Programmes should be undertaken to expand maternal health voucher schemes in more sub-districts and quality of care should be ensured for equal accessibility and availability of MHCSs targeting deprived and disadvantaged areas and women to ensure safe motherhood practices in Bangladesh. Our findings show that the situation of maternal health care in Bangladesh is not satisfactory.Antenatal care</p> S. M. Mostafa Kamal, Md. Amanat Ullah, Masoumeh Tadayoni, Shahreen Noor, Md. Anisur Rahman Copyright (c) 2020 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Women Representation in Textbooks in Pakistan: Impact on Career and Study Choices of Female Students Enrolled in the Postgraduate Programmes <p>&nbsp;The present study explores factors that contribute to the making of career and study choices of female students enrolled in postgraduate programmes in Pakistan. This study collected data from students enrolled in Masters and MPhil programmes using a focus group discussion data collection strategy. The focus of data analysis was to unearth reasons given by the participants of their career choices and discover factors that influenced their career choice. The focus group discussions revealed that family and female representation in textbooks were the main reasons for their choices. Female role models that could inspire them to select a particular profession were missing in the textbooks. To address this gap and omission and to help female students in making better study and career choices, this study suggests that the textbook regime in Pakistan should make more space for female-centered content and present to pupils the life stories of successful women in different fields.</p> Ashar Johnson Khokhar Copyright (c) 2020 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Women’s Health Status in Nepal: Appraising Continuity and Change <p>Utilising data from Nepal Demographic and Health Survey from 1996-2016 and some landmark verdicts of the Supreme Court on reproductive rights since the early 1990s, this article evaluates the pace of continuity and change in women’s health status, particularly of reproductive rights of women. Thus, this study aims to identify sociocultural factors that influence women’s health, particularly their reproductive health. Although in the last few decades, Nepal has made substantial achievements in reproductive health service delivery and reduction of childhood mortality, however, performance is rather slow in achieving nutritional and health seeking behaviour. for family planning services, elimination of harmful and discriminatory practices that influences on girls and women’s health adversely. The Supreme Court of Nepal through its series of verdicts has greatly contributed to safeguarding women’s reproductive health progressively, although the full implementation of these landmark verdicts has yet to be materialised. Key findings of this analysis show that health remains gendered in Nepal, from childhood. A major breakthrough could be possible only by removing the social determinants of women’s health.</p> Govind Subedi, Rojana Dhakal, Manju Yadav Copyright (c) 2020 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Social Protection for Socioeconomically Vulnerable Women of Pakistan- During Covid-19 and Beyond <p>Ensuring United Nations Sustainable Development Goals are met collectively for the protection of women, requires a broadening of discussion and efforts from reproductive health to investigate ethical challenges facing women during COVID-19. The aim of this paper is to discuss issues of ethics, equity, and rights for the health access of socioeconomically vulnerable women of Pakistan. Deriving from two feminist approaches to ethics-power and care, we analyse four different areas which are contributing to women becoming further disadvantaged, including (i) state and health sector response, (ii) income loss and worsening poverty, (iii) patriarchy and decision-making, and (iv) neglect of health issues not pertaining to infectious disease. We conclude with recommendations to form a triadic partnership between the health sector, government and the economy to provide women with a social protection floor to improve health outcomes.</p> Sara Rizvi Jafree, Natasha Anwar Copyright (c) 2020 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000